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Saturday, May 23, 2009

What Jinnah wanted - K Hussan Zia

In his article, "Islamisation: Cure of all evils," Qazi Hussain Ahmad wrote in The News of April 20 that "Pakistan is a result of the Two-nation Theory that clearly spells that the life of Muslims is governed by the Islamic system based on Quran and Sunnah. Until we harmonise our lives, economy, society, Constitution and legal system with Islam, our society will continue to suffer from internal strife and friction."

The All-India Muslim League never officially defined or elaborated on the so-called "Two-nation Theory." It was a loosely coined term, probably first used by Sir Syed Ahmad Khan to express the Muslim identity in India. With the exception of Maulana Shabbir Ahmad Usmani, no Muslim religious leader of any standing supported the idea, right up to the time of independence. The president of the Jamiat-ul-Ulema, Husain Ahmad Madani, issued a fatwa in October 1945 declaring it haram for Muslims to join the Muslim League, the party that had proposed the creation of a separate Muslim state. (Pakistan, The Formative Phase, by Khalid bin Sayeed, p. 216.) Significantly, the Lahore Resolution of 1940 that formed the basis of Pakistan makes no reference to the Two-nation Theory, nor did it envisage Sharia law for the proposed Muslim state. Jinnah made this very clear on numerous occasions subsequently and no one disagreed with him at the time.

What Qazi Sahib has stated is strictly the Jamaat-e-Islami's current view and not that of the Muslim League, and the vast majority of Muslims in India at the time. Maulana Abul Ala Maudoodi wrote: "As a Muslim, I have no interest in their (Muslim) rule in those areas of India where the Muslims are in a majority. For me the primary question is whether in this 'Pakistan' of yours the basis of government will be the sovereignty of God or, in accordance with the western idea of democracy, the sovereignty of the people. In the first case it will certainly be 'Pakistan,' otherwise it will be as much of 'Na-Pakistan' as that part of the country where, according to your scheme, the rule will be that of non-Muslims: in fact, in the eyes of God it will be 'na-pak' -- and damned. (Musalman aur Maujooda Siyasi Kashmakash, Vol. III, Office of the Tarjman-ul-Quran, Pathankot, 1942, p. 92, 108.)


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